Taanaji Malusare and the Battle of Singhagad(1670)

Taanaji Malusare and the Battle of Singhagad(1670)
•Tanaaji Malusare was a Maratha military leader and a close aide of Chhatrapati Shivaji
•In 1670, Tanaji was busy making preparations for his son, Rayaba’s wedding when he was summoned by Shivaji for a meeting.
•Tanaji put the wedding plans on hold and immediately left for the meeting. (On hearing Shivaji’s plan to recapture Kondhana fort near Pune from the Mughals), Tanaji took charge of the campaign and started his preparations. •This statement is famous as adhi lagin kondhanyach mag majhya raibacha meaning first getting fort and then marriage of my child.
•A fierce combat took place between the forces of Tanaji and Udaybhan. Tanaji was gravely wounded and died in the hands of Udaybhan Rathod[a rajput officer appointed by Mughal general Jai Singh I]
•Upon hearing the demise of Tanaji, Shivaji was struck with grief and expressed his sorrow by famously saying,
“Gad ala, pan sinha gela” (“Fort is captured but lion is lost.”)
Right to property is a human right: Supreme Court
•The Supreme Court has recently held that “The state cannot trespass into the private property of a citizen and then claim ownership of the land in the name of ‘adverse possession’”
◽What’s the issue?
•The Himachal Pradesh government forcibly took over four acres of land belonging to a person at Hamipur district to build a road in 1967.
•Even 52 years later, the state has failed to pay the compensation 🙃!
•‘Right to private property was previously a fundamental right’ under Article 31 of the Constitution.
•Property ceased to be a fundamental right with the 44th Constitution Amendment in 1978.[ Since then it is legal right under article 300A]
Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019
•This will benefit a large number of transgender persons, mitigate the stigma, discrimination and abuse against this marginalized section and bring them into the mainstream of society
•new definition: a transgender person is somebody “whose gender does not match the gender assigned to that person at birth and includes trans-men or trans-women, persons with intersex variations.., such as kinnar, hijras, aravani, and jogta”
•It(act) states that a person will be recognised as transgender on the basis of a certificate of identity issued through the district screening committee
•It also does not mention any punishments for rape or sexual assault of transgender persons as according to Sections 375 and 376 of the Indian Penal Code, rape is only when a man forcefully enters a woman.🤐!

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