●Uganda’s REDD+ Results
•Recently, Uganda has become the first African country to submit results for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
•There is a 44% reduction in the country’s rate of deforestation annually between 2015 and 2017.
•It will help Uganda to receive funds through the Green Climate Fund’s forest conservation scheme
•Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) is a mechanism developed by Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2005.
[The “Plus” in REDD+, lays out the various ways in which countries have defined the three activities: conservation, the sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stock]
•It aims to achieve climate change mitigation by incentivizing forest conservation.
•The Paris agreement on climate change called upon country Parties to take action to implement and support REDD+.
India has communicated in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under •Paris Agreement, that it will capture 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of Carbon dioxide through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
In this regard, India has prepared its “National REDD+ Strategy”.
•Introduced in 2018 by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, the strategy seeks to address drivers of deforestation and forest degradation and also develop a roadmap for enhancement of forest carbon stocks and achieving sustainable management of forests through REDD+ actions.
•Achieving REDD+ results are challenging, as there are other development priorities — with agriculture, mining, energy and forestry — driving deforestation.
•There is a need to support developing countries through all three REDD+ phases — readiness, implementation and result-based actions — by providing tools and analysis of how to design, implement and measure the results of REDD+ action.
•This will in turn position countries like India and Africa as the forest champion of the next decade.