●United Nations’ Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
•ECOSOC has held a high-level dialogue on the subject ‘Multilateralism after Covid-19: What kind of UN do we need at the 75th Anniversary?’
•The Prime Minister of India gave a speech focusing on India’s battle against the Covid-19 pandemic and emphasised upon the need of multilateralism in achieving sustainable peace and prosperity.
•He also indicated India’s push for a permanent seat in the UN Security Council.
•The UN will celebrate its 75th anniversary on 24th October 2020.
•Multilateralism is the process of organizing relations between groups of three or more states
•Economic and Social Council is the principal body for coordination, policy review, policy dialogue and recommendations on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as implementation of internationally agreed development goals.
•It has 54 members, elected by the General Assembly for overlapping three-year terms.
•It is the UN’s central platform for reflection, debate and innovative thinking on sustainable development.
•Each year, ECOSOC structures its work around an annual theme of global importance to sustainable development. •This ensures focused attention, among ECOSOC’s array of partners and throughout the UN development system.
•It coordinates the work of the 14 UN specialized agencies, ten functional commissions and five regional commissions, receives reports from nine UN funds and programmes and issues policy recommendations to the UN system and to member states.
•Few important bodies under the purview of ECOSOC:
1. International labour Organization (ILO)
2. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
3. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
4. World Health Organization (WHO)
5. Bretton Woods Twins (World Bank Group and International Monetary Fund)
6. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
Apart from these there are various
7. Functional and Regional Commissions, Standing Committees, Ad Hoc and Expert Bodies as well.
•India called on the UN members to pledge for reform within the world body and held that the multilateral system needs to be more representative.
•The United Nations was originally born from the furies of World War II and the current fury of the pandemic provides the context for its rebirth and reform.
•At this pivotal moment, with Covid-19 still spreading, geopolitical tensions rising and the cry for racial justice, social justice and climate justice ever more urgent, the UN and world leaders have a responsibility to respond to the anxieties, fears and hopes of the people.