●Use of Winter Diesel in Ladakh by Armed Forces
•Recently, the Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) has sought approval from the Directorate General of Quality Assurance (DGQA) for the use of winter diesel by armed forces for operations in high altitude areas such as Ladakh
•Winter Diesel is a specialised fuel specifically for high altitude regions and low-temperature regions such as Ladakh, where ordinary diesel can become unusable.
[It also meets the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) specification of BS-VI grade.]
•It contains additives to maintain lower viscosity by enabling the fuel to remain fluid in such conditions
•It has a low pour point (as low as minus 30-degree celsius).
[It is the temperature below which the liquid loses its flow characteristics]
•It has a higher cetane rating — which is an indicator of the combustion speed of diesel and compression needed for ignition.
•Lower Sulphur Content: It would lead to lower chemical deposits in engines and better performance.
Border Tensions with China in Ladakh: It is expected that demand for the winter fuel may rise due to the border tensions in the Galwan valley in Ladakh for the patrolling purposes.
•Boost to Local Economy: Supply of the special fuel to Ladakh would reduce the hardships faced by the local people for transportation and mobility during winter months, therefore facilitate the local economy and tourism.
•Curb in Air Pollution: Before the launch of winter diesel, consumers in such areas were using kerosene to dilute diesel to make it usable, which leads to more air pollution.
•Now use of winter diesel would replace use of Kerosene therefore helping in the reduction of air pollution.
Indian Oil Corporation Limited
•Commonly known as Indian Oil it is an Indian government-owned oil and gas company (Maharatna Status) which was founded in 1959.
•Headquarter: New Delhi
•It is the largest commercial oil company in the country .
•It operates in the entire hydrocarbon value-chain, including refining, pipeline transportation, marketing of petroleum products, exploration and production of crude oil, natural gas and petrochemicals